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Benjamin Rohaut

Neuro Intensivist & Scientist exploring Consciousness and Brain Dysfunction in the ICU


Selected papers:

(Complete list available on Google Scholar, Researchgate or Pubmed )

Disorders of Consciousness:

  • Claassen J, Doyle K, Matory A, Couch C, Burger KM, Velazquez A, … , Rohaut B. Detection of Brain Activation in Unresponsive Patients with Acute Brain Injury. NEJM. 2019 Jun 27;380(26):2497-2505.
  • Rohaut B, Doyle KW, Reynolds AS, Igwe K, Couch C, Matory A, et al. Deep structural brain lesions associated with consciousness impairment early after hemorrhagic stroke. Scientific Reports. 2019.s41598-019-41042-2.
  • Rohaut B, Eliseyev A, Claassen J. Uncovering consciousness in unresponsive ICU patients: technical, medical and ethical consideration. Critical Care. 2019;23(1):78. (post about this publication).
  • Demertzi A,* Tagliazucchi E*, Dehaene S, Deco G, Barttfeld P, Raimondo F, Martial C, et al. Human consciousness is supported by dynamic complex patterns of brain signal coordination. Science Advances. 2019 Feb;5(2)eaat7603.
  • Engemann DA,* Raimondo F,* King J-R, Rohaut B, Louppe G, Faugeras F, et al. Robust EEG-based cross-site and cross-protocol classification of states of consciousness. Brain. 2018 Nov;141(11):3179-3192.
  • André-Obadia N, Zyss J, Gavaret M, Lefaucheur J-P, Azabou E, Boulogne S, et al. Recommendations for the use of electroencephalography and evoked potentials in comatose patients. Neurophysiologie Clinique. 2018 Jun;48(3):143–69.
  • Faugeras F, Rohaut B, Valente M, Sitt J.D, Demeret S, Bolgert F, et al. Survival and consciousness recovery are better in the minimally conscious state than in the vegetative state. Brain Injury. 2018 Jan;32:72-77. (post about this publication).
  • Raimondo F, Rohaut B, Demertzi A, Valente M, Engemann D, Salti M, et al. Brain-heart interactions reveal consciousness in non-communicating patients. Annals of Neurology. 2017 Sep;82:578–91. (post about this publication).
  • Rohaut B,* Raimondo F,* Galanaud D, Valente M, Sitt J.D, Naccache L. Probing consciousness in a sensory-disconnected paralyzed patient. Brain Inj. 2017 Aug;31:1398-1403. (post about this publication; postprint).
  • Rohaut B, Faugeras F, Chausson N, King J-R, Karoui IE, Cohen L, et al. Probing ERP correlates of verbal semantic processing in patients with impaired consciousness. Neuropsychologia. 2015 Jan;66:279–92. (post about this publication).
  • Sitt J.D,* King J-R,* El Karoui I, Rohaut B, Faugeras F, Gramfort A, Cohen L, et al. Large scale screening of neural signatures of consciousness in patients in a vegetative or minimally conscious state. Brain. 2014 Aug;137(Pt 8):2258–70.
  • King J-R,* Sitt J.D,* Faugeras F, Rohaut B, El Karoui I, Cohen L, Naccache L, et al. Information sharing in the brain indexes consciousness in noncommunicative patients. Curr Biol. 2013 Oct;23(19):1914–9.
  • Faugeras F, Rohaut B, Weiss N, Bekinschtein T, Galanaud D, Puybasset L, et al. Event related potentials elicited by violations of auditory regularities in patients with impaired consciousness. Neuropsychologia. 2012 Feb;50(3):403–18.
  • Faugeras F, Rohaut B, Weiss N, Bekinschtein TA, Galanaud D, Puybasset L, et al. Probing consciousness with event-related potentials in the vegetative state. Neurology. 2011 Jul;77(3):264–8.
  • Bekinschtein TA, Dehaene S, Rohaut B, Tadel F, Cohen L, Naccache L. Neural signature of the conscious processing of auditory regularities. PNAS. 2009 Feb;106(5):1672–7.

(* : first co-authors)

Language & Consciousness:

  • Rohaut B & Naccache L. What are the boundaries of unconscious semantic cognition? Eur J Neurosci. 2018 Jun;47(11):1287–8. (postprint).
  • Rohaut B & Naccache L. Disentangling conscious from unconscious cognitive processing with event-related EEG potentials. Revue Neurologique. 2017 Aug;173:521-28. (post about this publication; postprint).
  • Rohaut B, Alario F-X, Meadow J, Cohen L, Naccache L. Unconscious semantic processing of polysemous words is not automatic. Neurosci Conscious. 2016 Jan;2016(1):niw010. (post about this publication).
  • Rohaut B, Faugeras F, Chausson N, King J-R, Karoui IE, Cohen L, et al. Probing ERP correlates of verbal semantic processing in patients with impaired consciousness. Neuropsychologia. 2015 Jan;66:279–92. (post about this publication).

Brain dysfunction in the critically ill patients:

  • Rohaut B,* Azabou E,* Porcher R, Heming N, Kandelman S, Allary J, Moneger G, et al. Mismatch negativity to predict subsequent awakening in deeply sedated critically ill patients. British Journal of Anaesthesia. 2018 Dec;121(6):1290–97. (post about this publication; postprint).
  • Reynolds AS, Rohaut B, Holmes MG, Robinson D, Roth W, Velazquez A, et al. Early myoclonus following anoxic brain injury. Neurology Clin Pract. 2018 Jun;8(3):249–56.
  • Velly L, Perlbarg V, Boulier T, Adam N, Delphine S, Luyt C-E, et al. Use of brain diffusion tensor imaging for the prediction of long-term neurological outcomes in patients after cardiac arrest: a multicentre, international, prospective, observational, cohort study. The Lancet Neurology. 2018 Apr;17(4):317-26.
  • Azabou E, Rohaut B, Heming N, Magalhaes E, Morizot-Koutlidis R, Kandelman S, et al. Early impairment of intracranial conduction time predicts mortality in deeply sedated critically ill patients: a prospective observational pilot study. Ann Intensive Care. 2017 Dec;7(1):63.
  • Rohaut B, Porcher R, Hissem T, Heming N, Chillet P, Djedaini K, et al. Brainstem response patterns in deeply-sedated critically-ill patients predict 28-day mortality. PLOS ONE. 2017 Apr;12(4): e0176012. (post about this publication).
  • Sharshar T, Porcher R, Siami S, Rohaut B, Bailly-Salin J, Hopkinson NS, et al. Brainstem responses can predict death and delirium in sedated patients in intensive care unit. Crit Care Med. 2011 Aug;39(8):1960–7. (reprint available here).

(* : first co-authors)

Critical thinking & Medical decision making:

  • Hermann B,* Goudard G,* Courcoux K,* Valente M, Labat S, … , Rohaut B. Wisdom of the caregivers: pooling individual subjective reports to diagnose states of consciousness in brain-injured patients, a monocentric prospective study. BMJopen 2018-026211. (post about this publication in french or in english)
  • Peiffer-Smadja N, Lescure FX, Maatoug R, Rohaut B. Cognitive biases in the decision-making process of antibiotic prescribing. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2018

  • Rohaut B & Claassen J. Decision making in perceived devastating brain injury: a call to explore the impact of cognitive biases. British Journal of Anaesthesia. 2018 Jan;120(1):5-9. (post about this publication; postprint).

(* : first co-authors)

Complete list on Google Scholar, Researchgate or Pubmed;

Media participations (Press, TV ..)